Tag Archive | "lighting"

$200bn to be pumped in MENA power sector by 2020

Consumption of electricity in the MENA region is said to grow at a faster pace over the next decade, with investments worth more than $200 billion set to be pumped into the region’s power sector by 2020, according to a report.

The MENA Power 2013 report published by MEED Insight earlier this year, said that demand for electricity has grown so rapidly in the region, that in many instances utilities have struggled to keep up, resulting in investments worth billions of dollars in new power plants.

The report added that more than $100bn of investment is required by 2020 to meet the additional capacity with the same amount to be invested in the transmission and distribution sectors – representing a lucrative growth opportunity for anyone working in the power market.

This will come as good news to more than 1,200 exhibitors from 100 countries around the world that will participate in the 39th edition of Middle East Electricity, one of the world’s largest energy events focussing on the power, lighting, renewable and nuclear sectors.

Held under the patronage of His Highness Sheikh Maktoum bin Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Deputy Ruler of Dubai , Middle East Electricity will take place from 11-13 February 2014 at the Dubai International Convention and Exhibition Centre.

 

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GE lighting works with AUD to promote energy efficiency

GE Lighting signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the American University of Dubai (AUD), to nurture local design talent in architecture and interior design, covering both the student community and industry professionals. In addition to a planned Design Council that will share industry information with students, the MoU also envisages the creation of short-term courses for industry professionals by drawing on GE Lighting’s industry insights.

GE Lighting will also support a professionally designed ‘light experience laboratory’ at AUD, which will feature the most-modern range of lighting systems including its advanced LED solutions that are environment-friendly and contribute to significant energy savings. In addition, the laboratory will serve as a platform to host industry seminars and short-term professional courses.

Agostino Renna, President & CEO of GE Lighting Europe, Middle East and Africa, and Dr. Lance de Masi, President of AUD signed the MoU.

Agostino Renna said: “One of the strategic growth approaches of GE Lighting in the region is to promote local talent, drive innovation and share our knowledge to nurture a talent pool of industry professionals. In the past, we have worked extensively with educational institutions to highlight the newest trends in lighting, including design aspects. Our MoU with AUD , one of the high-ranking universities in the region, aims to not only encourage the student community to gain the latest insights into lighting but also enable professionals to regularly enhance their skills.”

George Bou Mitri, GE Lighting’s General Manager of Middle East, Africa and Turkey, added: “With the region witnessing tremendous investments in infrastructure development, a young talent pool of professionals who are aware of the latest trends in energy efficient lighting can make a significant difference in driving sustainable growth. Our partnership with AUD highlights our commitment to knowledge sharing and building local talent in the lighting sector.”

Dr. Lance de Masi added: “The partnership with GE Lighting is a strong testament to our commitment to foster industry linkages that are important windows of knowledge for our students. The MoU will cover a number of industry components – from classroom learning to promoting innovation – which will significantly add to the skills of architecture and interior design students and professionals.”

GE Lighting will draw on the extensive industry experience and knowledge base of its US-based Lighting Institute to develop the content for the short courses for students and professionals. It will also work with like-minded business entities to create a Design Council in Dubai, which serves as a repository of knowledge and conducts guest lectures for students at AUD covering the advances in lighting. The MoU is expected to support at least 20 professionals on short-term courses of 3 to 7 days at AUD annually. Design professionals, architects, interior designers, engineers, contractors and other industry stakeholders can attend the course. GE Lighting and AUD will also organise a lighting design competition for students on the sidelines of Light ME, as well as a conference that will be focused more on the student community.

Associate Professor of Interior Design Dr. Linda Nubani added:” Our engagement with GE Lighting began over two years ago when we co-organised the ‘GE Lighting Best in Class Student Light Design,’ with one objective in mind to identify and highlight emerging talent in light design and energy-saving lighting in the UAE. Not only did our students claim top awards at these competitions, but they also integrated their experiences with GE Lighting into their studio projects. They simply wanted more! Today, we are signing the MoU with GE Lighting that will no doubt increase our students’ awareness in this field and industry professionals alike.”

 

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Sustainable lighting service now available in the UAE

It is estimated that lighting consumes 20% of overall electricity worldwide and up to 75% of that can be reduced by switching to efficient lighting (LED).
Today, GE Lighting and The Change Initiative announced a joint venture initiative to promote energy-efficient lighting across residences and commercial establishments in the UAE. The joint initiative will drive a ‘direct to home’ service that makes it extremely easy for UAE residents – both residential and commercial – to access sustainable and aesthetic LED lighting products.

The joint initiative aims to service at least 7,000 households with efficient lighting systems through the ‘direct to home’ service.

GE Lighting will offer LED lighting solutions through direct to home service which will be facilitated by The Change Initiative. The direct to home service currently offers range of sustainable solutions like ECOVER home cleaning solutions, accessories, services like indoor air quality measurement and other energy saving solutions for homes.

Savings from lighting has been identified as the most immediate and cost effective method to immediately reduce the carbon footprint around the globe by UNEP (enlighten programme).

George Bou Mitri from GE said: “With the Dubai Integrated Energy Strategy targeting a reduction in energy use by 30% by 2030 and Abu Dhabi targeting 7% renewable energy generation capacity by 2020, the nation has demonstrated its strong focus to strengthen environmental sustainability. Our new initiative plans to effectively reach both residential and commercial end-users in retro-fitting existing buildings with energy efficient LED solutions.”

GE is showcasing its advanced and innovative LED solutions for residential, retail, hospitality, commercial and outdoors at Light ME.

 

 

 

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Building a green future

This month we hear from some of the people involved in implementing key areas of the green economy across the UAE as part of the Sustainable Solutions series hosted by BGreen and Emirates Green Building Council

The UAE has been at the forefront of sustainability drive in the Middle East region during the past 10 years thanks to a leadership that is committed to building and nurturing a green economy. In fact, the country boasts of highest share of green buildings in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region as well as the largest solar thermal power project operating in the world. BGreen and Emirates Green Building Council (EGBC) chaired a round table discussion, the seventh in our collaborative series Sustainable Solutions, to understand the sustainability trends in different sectors of the economy. Round table participants were Ibrahim Al Zubi, head of CSR, Majid Al Futtaim (MAF) Group; Sarfraz Dairkee, general manager of corporate development & engineering, MAHY Khoory; P R Jagannathan, sustainability manager, EHS-Trakhees; and Ajita Nayar, education manager, Emirates Wildlife Society–WWF. Discussion moderated by Anoop K Menon, contributing editor, BGreen.

BGREEN: Given the diversity of Majid Al Futtaim Properties’ business footprint, how has sustainability evolved within the group?

Ibrahim Al Zubi: As an entrepreneur and mall developer, Majid Al Futtaim Properties has come a long way to become one of the biggest names in the region’s retail sector. When we decided to make sustainability an integral part of the company’s outlook, one of the first steps we took was to find out whether we had management buy-in. We engaged the different internal stakeholders and asked them why they wanted sustainability. The key value drivers of sustainability identified were brand reputation, moral obligation, long term profitability, license to operate and corporate citizenship. Given the buyin and added value for the business, we engaged stake holders internally, came up with a policy and created a full time, dedicated post of head of sustainability – which I currently helm – reporting to the CEO. We have put in measurable Key Performance Indicators (KPI) and tangible annual and long term targets that get audited every quarter by a third party auditor. To increase awareness, we also decided to become transparent and share these findings with our staff, the board and external stakeholders.

BGREEN: Are the customer’s customer (i.e. the end consumer) enthused about the fact that they are shopping in a sustainable mall, for example?
Al Zubi:
Part of the marketing department’s KPI as sustainability targets is to do customer surveys. Our end-customers find shopping at Mirdiff City Centre mall, which is the first shopping mall in the region to have been awarded a LEED Gold rating, a positive experience in terms of its physical structure and fit outs compared to other malls. We also have government departments like Dubai Electricity & Water Authority (DEWA) and Dubai Municipality (DM) using the mall to educate consumers about sustainable living. We are now targeting the first LEED EBOM (The LEED for Existing Buildings: Operations and Maintenance) certified shopping mall in the Middle East. We want to document the engagement of our tenants and customers, see if they are aware. Interestingly, during a customer survey in Lebanon, buying a green building asset emerged as one of the top five most important deciding factors. A few days ago, I was part of a panel at the ethical branding conference in Dubai, and what came out is that customer awareness is definitely on the rise.

BGREEN: What has been Emirates Wildlife Society–WWF’s experience in trying to promote sustainability among the schools in the UAE?
Ajita Nayar:
Nine years ago, EWS-WWF started environmental education programmes among students to raise awareness on environmental issues. We thought we will take it in a progressive manner, starting with environmental literacy… first using small booklets, and then progressing to an online education programme. While the programme had a good impact on students we were also keen to see whether the knowledge gained translated into any meaningful action. That’s when we decided to introduce the Eco-Schools programme. The Eco- Schools programme deviates from a formal education strategy where typically teachers tell students what to do. In Eco-Schools, students are encouraged to be the core strategising group in the school. They try to identify what are the key environmental issues in the school and come up with solutions that are simple, practical and gives immediate results. For example, if they have observed that windows are open when the air-conditioning (AC) is running in a classroom, a very simple behavioural change they need to bring about is to ensure windows are closed when the AC is on. The keywords are simple and practical because many schools are not very comfortable in terms of doing retrofits or technological upgrades to conserve energy and water. Thus the core focus of the Eco-Schools programme is on behavioural changes that can help reduce consumption of resource. Over the three years of the programme, Eco- Schools have collectively reduced their water consumption by 12%. Figuratively, this may not be a huge number but for students to take the lead and come up with simple mechanisms means they are learning to think critically and come up with simple yet profitable solutions.

BGREEN: Does this lead to schools themselves adopting green practices like energy efficient lighting, water recycling and the like?
Nayar:
One of our key messages to schools is that while they may find it useful to do retrofits or install energy saving LED lamps, they don’t have to rush into that. We advocate a more practical approach wherein if at any point of time, for example, they have to replace a damaged light bulb, they could do that with an energy-efficient lights like LED, should they have the finances. If not they could opt for the CFLs. We have also had a very interesting case in a government primary school where they don’t waste even a single drop of grey water from their wash basins. Instead of installing additional plumbing, they trained their janitors to collect the grey water in huge buckets and channel the same into their gardens. In schools, change is certainly taking place but in a gradual way.

BGREEN: EHS-Trakhees has played a pioneering role, from a regulatory standpoint, in spreading sustainability message in the UAE. What were some of the challenges encountered in that journey?
P R Jagannathan:
In October 2007, His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Vice President and Prime Minister of the UAE, and Ruler of Dubai issued a resolution late 2007 that effective from 2008, all constructions in Dubai would be aligned to green principles. At that time, Trakhees- EHS was in the final stages of creating its own green building regulations. These regulations came into force effective January 2008 for all new constructions within the Ports, Customers and Free Zone Corporation/Dubai World jurisdiction. Compliance with these green building regulations was mandatory to obtain an NOC for building permit. This mandatory framework continued through the global economic slump and recovery. As of this day, there are nearly 70 LEED certified new constructions in Dubai of which nearly 70% are from our jurisdiction.
The challenges were several and multifold – the property developers and clients were generally clueless about green buildings per se and the role of such buildings on the environment. But they knew that under the mandatory framework, they couldn’t get the building permit without complying with the green building regulations and obtaining the clearance from Trakhees-EHS. The challenges with the consultants were several. They used to visit our office with a letter of undertaking to comply with all the regulations and were expecting the NOC and the building permit based on that document. This essentially meant that they undertake to comply with the requirement after obtaining the building permit whereas the very purpose of a regulatory review process is to ascertain and make sure that the proposed project fully complies with the green building regulations in terms of robust designs. We were of the strong opinion that sustainability should commence right at the design stage for maximised returns and cannot be left behind to be compensated at later stages.
Once the building is issued with a building permit, the entire focus would be on hitting the ground and proceeding with the construction works rather than looking into incorporating green designs. Hence, such letter of undertakings, notwithstanding the genuine intentions would not help green buildings. We discouraged it right from the beginning and set on the most challenging task of incorporating robust procedures, strong guidelines and other mechanisms to facilitate and encourage the adoption of green buildings and meaningful design submissions; they sharply focussed on matters that are of key importance to the region such as energy and water. Accordingly, important design elements such as energy modelling reports, heat load calculations, water efficiency design predictions, envelope features and overall design consistency were insisted (made a must) and meticulously checked by the review team. These parameters were required to be locked and sealed from a design point of view so that if the contractor follows the designs, the building can expected to be reasonably compliant in the construction phase as well. On the same yardstick with operational measures and awareness, it can expect to perform to the extent of what was committed. What worked for us, in my view point, was making green buildings mandatory. Through strong reviews, we have managed to substantially reduce the gaps on the design compliance front. The stakeholders are aware of what exactly has to be done to achieve green design. The challenge has now shifted to construction and operation/postoccupancy phases.

BGREEN: What would be the challenges in the construction and operation/postoccupancy phases?
Jagannathan:
There is an enormous awareness gap. Notwithstanding the green design and construction, we cannot say with assurance that all the certified buildings are performing as per the original predictions. This is not only a regional issue but a global one as well. It is important that post-handover from the contractor and the consultant, the building must behave ‘green’. First and foremost, the client or the investor and his Facility Management (FM) team needs to understand that the facility that they have inherited is a sustainable building (green building) and accordingly, requires a different set of approach, both technical and behavioural. Likewise they need to be aware that they deserve to derive the benefits of such a building in return for their investments. With this philosophy, they should start demanding the performance. However, in its absence, it would continue to be a property of neglect just like any other building.
Very often, they come to know that measurement and verification is mandatory only after they come to us for an official fitness renewal. There are so many parameters in the operational phase that may completely shift the engineering design estimate so those things have to be factored and calculated again. On the other hand, if the client is aware of the facility, he does not need to wait for regulatory intervention. Rather, he would lead the sustainability efforts in order to get the benefits and return on the investment. At the end of the day, without the full involvement and commitment of management, sustainability cannot become embedded into the corporate DNA. Moreover, sustainability should be incorporated to the extent that it makes a good economic proposition. Sustainability without direct / indirect profitability may lead to green washing.

Nayar: Are LEED certifications permanent? Jagannathan: Initially, LEED gave certificates that didn’t have a validity period. But here, I would like to make a point that we shouldn’t have an obsession towards an international rating system. Whether it is New York or Dubai, all we are talking about is energy, water, waste, operations and behavioural change.

Al Zubi: While this is a good point, what is the solution? Even within the region, we have multiple green building standards, locally developed as well as international.

Jagannathan: Within Trakhees- EHS jurisdiction, you will find mostly commercial and office buildings, residential and warehouse developments. From our discussions with stakeholders, business units and clients, we realised that it is harsh to impose LEED regulations on a warehouse development which has a different nature of usage such as a large storage area with a very small conditioned space (say 100 m2 of air conditioning). So we started developing EHS In-House green building regulations for warehouses, targeting envelope, energy, lighting, controls and water. Instead of leaving it to consultants to mix and match and do the modelling, we prescribed in detail what needs to be done from basic engineering to design to operation. The same approach was adopted for villas as well.

Al Zubi: We have considered coming up with our own green building standards. The issue is when you are trying to build a business case. We have a standalone energy policy supporting the green building policy because energy consumption is a key issue.

Sarfraz Dairkee: In EGBC, when we started in 2004-05, we realised that there were multiple green building rating systems. But there is a difference between imitation and adaptation; what we wanted to do was adapt because only that enables you to get to the root of the matter. For example, then and now, LEED has two credit points for water efficiency. But in the case of the UAE, we found that energy and water have a strong nexus – every m3 of water is equal to 5-5.5 kWh of energy. At that time, we realised that one of the key issues to look at, from a sustainability standpoint is water. Probably, we were ahead of time when we proposed threeline plumbing system to collect and re-use the grey water. Again, in this region, cooling accounts for majority of the energy consumption. So we tried to look into various aspects of air conditioning – for example, in those days, the emphasis was on air-conditioning the building. But it is not the building which needs air-conditioning; rather, it is human beings who need air-conditioning. The moment you adopt this approach, your entire design philosophy changes. Even today, a very large percentage of green building compliance remains a ritual. As long as it remains a ritual, you will never solve the problem. If you try to apply the same solution, you will get the same results. You cannot expect different results with the same solution. It only adds to the costs with very little value addition. To have the value addition, you have to ask what sustainability means to you.

BGREEN: With the Eco- School programme, did you have to face difficulties in adapting a concept developed elsewhere to local conditions?
Nayar:
The good thing about Eco-schools framework is that it is completely malleable. The framework can be tailored to local requirements.

Dairkee: With schools, you don’t have to deal with ‘unlearning’ either.

BGREEN: How did Majid Al Futtaim Properties navigate through the web of multiple green building rating systems?
Al Zubi:
Across our portfolio, we have hotels, big malls, community malls and community developments. We have mall assets in different countries with different climatic conditions. The fact we have sustainability policy, that sustainability is part of our organisation’s DNA is 50% of the job done. From experience, we found that it is easier to achieve LEED for malls and new-build hotels and EarthCheck for existing hotels. For multi-storied, in this case the Waterfront City project in Lebanon, we did gap analysis between LEED, BREEAM and Lebanon Green Building Council’s ARZ Rating System. Unfortunately, ARZ is for existing buildings but we are supporting them to develop standards for new-builds. Recently, we carried out a gap analysis study for old standards and credits. Over the last two years, we have been training our project managers and development managers in all green building standards including LEED and BREEAM. I did this, not only to save money on green building consultants, but to help our team know which credits to choose and raise awareness internally. All over the world, building standards are developed by industry associations, USGBC being a great example. If EGBC came up a national green building standard for the UAE, I would find it easier to follow; similarly, I would prefer to follow the Lebanese Green Building Council’s standards in Lebanon.

Dairkee: Even with green building standards in place, a green outcome cannot be guaranteed. It is important to internalise the truth and adapt it. The solution to our kind of challenge is understanding what the critical thing is. You cannot define it and the moment you do so, it becomes very static. It is a moving object in the sense that your truth will not be my truth. I believe that every building has its distinct personality. Unless we address that, it won’t respond to our likes and dislikes. To know that, we have to identify the owner’s project requirements. The owner himself needs to be aware of the possibilities, dreams and aspirations and define them.

Al Zubi: For aspirations to be translated into action, you still need to give a design brief, look at the spreadsheets, put in the investment.

Jagannathan: The confusion about multiple green building standards and regulations is an issue for consultants. If it is EHS-Trakhees, it is mandatory regulation; if it is Sharjah, there is none; if it is Abu Dhabi, there is the mandatory One Pearl; if it is Dubai Municipality, there is none until next year. In fact, Dubai Municipality’s Green Building regulations were initially applicable to government buildings from 2011; from 2014, they will be extended to the private sector as well. The way I see it, at least in Dubai, we have multiple stakeholders like Dubai Electricity & Water Authority (DEWA), Dubai Municipality, Dubai Carbon Centre of Excellence and EGBC active in green building movement. There are lot of synergies to be gained by working together. Perhaps, the government can play an important role. Typically, when a goal is set and policy created, the policy should have legal backing and enforced through regulations. Policies help identify priority strategies, regulations and programmes. The programmes would have different time frames, resources, measurable metrics and reporting mechanisms. However, if you have a good technical team who are convinced that a particular approach will get them 18% in energy savings, then it doesn’t really matter whether you have a government regulation or not; what matters is that you are saving energy and water, and that should be the key focus. What the government school achieved by collecting grey water and re-using for landscaping is a much more effective than investing in sophisticated grey water systems. Sometimes, a low cost practical approach that delivers quantifiable savings is preferable over savings promised on paper.

Al Zubi: While a green building code or energy labelling may not be necessary to start saving on energy and water, the challenge is in communicating these savings with stakeholders. We invested in a third party auditor to ensure that our data is proper and correct. We had to do our own benchmarking for the last three years, and it is a lot of hard work. Everyone in the room will agree that you cannot manage something that you cannot measure. We need to benchmark, collect data; we need a platform and a framework. We are benchmarking our assets through GRESB (Global Real Estate Sustainability Benchmark). You need a benchmarking framework to see if you are doing well. This will also makes it easy to communicate the technical aspects to the top management. I feel that EGBC can play an important role here.

Jagannathan: While one should not be discouraged by the absence of a benchmarking framework in Dubai, its absence is indeed a barrier for those who would like to assess their performance vis-a-vis others. How will we know what is the energy intensity of a villa in Al Quoz compared to a similar one in Jumeirah or what is the energy intensity of a tower on Sheikh Zayed Road compared to a similar tower in TECOM?

Al Zubi: I believe that transparency is a big part of benchmarking and implementing green building standards. We have taken a big step towards that with our annual sustainability report.

Jagannathan: A great example of such transparency on a broad level is one set by the Energy performance of buildings directive in UK which calls the requirement of an Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) for properties when sold, built or rented and Display Energy Certificate (DEC). While the extent varies within the range of properties, it serves to significantly promote awareness and provide the existing owners as well as potential buyers a complete energy background of the property that they own or planning to own. It also assists in potential tenants in choosing the most energy efficient property.

Dairkee: Enforcement can work only so much. For sustainability to work, it has to come from within. If you are making regulations and you cannot implement them, it is better not to make them at all.

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Lighting the way forward

LED lamps are pricey, but they save on electricity bills over the long term. BGreen spoke to UAE based Lighting and Electrics executive directors Sanuj Kohli and Rishi Kohli to find out more about the Emirates lighting industry. The pair’s clients have included the telecommunications company du and The Ritz Carlton hotel in the Dubai International Financial Centre (DIFC).

How did you get involved in the lighting business in the UAE?

Sanuj Kohli: We’ve been established for six years. We were actually involved in the design and development of circuit boards until we started off the LED lighting division. The LED division has been established only for about the last year or so, and what we mainly do is specialise in retro fit lighting projects. When we talk about retro fit, we go into hotels, hospitals, schools, commercial entities and retail as well. What we do is when we walk into a property we do sort of an energy audit, so what we’ll say is, right, you use ‘x’ amount of these in your thousand square foot. This is how much power you’re consuming; this is your current electricity bill. If you change it to retro fit LED lamps, this is how much you’re going to save and this how much your return in investment will be in comparison to what we sell to you. On average we try to save 35 to a maximum of 90 per cent in power consumption. Commercial is usually only about 35, but with hotels it’s definitely 90 per cent.

Rishi Kohli: The thing with LEDs is that a lot of people want to phase it and then you see the results way down the line, whereas they (a hotel client of theirs) did it in one hit and they start to see the results immediately but the ROI will be obviously quicker because you’ve done it straight away.

How much does it cost to implement this system?

Sanuj Kohli: You’re probably looking to an investment of about 40 per cent more but that depends on the type of lamp you’re trying to replace. So, for example, if you try to replace halogen, it will probably cost you 60 per cent more. If you’re trying to replace fluorescent, it’s probably going to cost you about 40 per cent more. How we basically work as a company is we work on ROIs. But what is that going to do in the long run for you: it’s going to bring down your power consumption, which is a massive cost; your maintenance – an LED will last for about 35,000 hours, which is about 12 years of light compared to halogen lighting, which only lasts for 3,000 hours, about one month. Fluorescent lighting only lasts for about 7,000 hours, which is about two months. Within the comparison, your ROI can be achieved within 12 to 24 months.

Rishi Kohli: You’ll immediately see an impact on your bills; you’ll see that instantly.We carry a five year warranty; we carry a brand called OptiLED, which is from Hong Kong. LED is all about the chip, which isCree – Cree is the market leader in LED chips; it is the number one chip you can find. We can replace anything and everything, including tube-lights, it’s all retrofit. You can pull it out and put it in.

 

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Time to switch says lighting expert

Lighting energy cuts should be drastic, argues Philips Lighting boss

Adopting energy-efficient lighting systems in Africa and ME could cut 88 million tonnes of CO2 a year, according to the chairman of Philips Lighting in the Middle East.

 
Philips’ Eduardo Mataix said: “Using energy-efficient lighting in the Middle East and Africa could result in potential savings of AED 62 billion (US $16.9 billion a year);, while globally the savings would be AED 571 billion (US $155.45 billion);.
 
“The Middle East and Africa could prevent 88 million tonnes of CO2 emissions a year, or save 198 million barrels of oil a year by adoption energy-efficient lighting.”
 
Mataix made the comments ahead of the Light Middle East exhibition, which takes place in Dubai from October 31 to November 2. 
 
At the evebt Philips will host an educational forum focusing on lighting solutions.
 
Light Middle East senior show manager Jessica Minton advised: “High standards of insulation, modern household equipment and the use of efficient technology for heating, air-conditioning and lighting are just a few of the methods for reducing energy consumption.
 
“As the key to energy-efficient operations, building automation systems not only optimise and control the various functions but also increase the well-being of users.”
 
Research cited by Philips claimed that close to 13 billion incandescent lamps have been sold worldwide and that by simply switching from incandescent lighting technologies to energy-saving alternatives average energy savings of up to 70% could be made globally, cutting a large percentage off mankinds carbon footprint.

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